Justification - Sanctification Difference
Bobby R. Holmes and Mark Roberts


I. Error

  A. Neo-Calvinists:
  1. "Justification is done by God, makes one right with Him. Sanctification is an ongoing process wrought by the Spirit."
  B. Passages Misused
  1. Romans 5:1-5, 17; 8:1ff
  2. 1 Thessalonians 4:3-4
  3. 2 Thessalonians 2:13

II. Truth
  A. Justification
  1. Simply means to pronounce righteous. Comes from the same Greek root word as righteous (didasko).
  2. God pronounces righteous when we obey Him:
  a) 1 John 3:7
  b) Romans 3:24-26; 4:21-25; 5:1
  3. Word is used for saints and aliens - 1 Corinthians 6:9-11
  4. Justification is conditional
  a) James 2:24-25
  b) Romans 3:26
  5. "Justify" refers to man's actions:
  a) Luke 7:29; 10:29; 16:15
  B. Sanctification
  1. Means "separation, set apart"
  2. "To purify from sin" - 1 Corinthians 6:11; Ephesians 5:26
  3. Sanctification happens at the point of salvation, and is an ongoing process
  a) Acts 20:32
  b) 2 Thessalonians 2:13-14
  4. It is seen as completed action and a continuing process:
  a) 1 Corinthians 6:11
  b) 2 Corinthians 7:1


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